Urdu is among the most widely spoken languages within the Indian subcontinent. Other than that, communities everywhere in the world speak it. In total almost four million people, speak the Urdu language.
A number of factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The 4 most vital of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Military who belonged to totally different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Army’.To speak with one another fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
Nonetheless, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Actually, the language was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals additionally liked it. In those times, speaking Urdu grew to become one of many trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu via poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent were very interested in the poetry. Amir Khusro was the primary man who attempted Urdu poetry within the 13th century. It was an enormous success. Nevertheless, for another century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. In the 18th and nineteenth century, poets gave a major enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in each way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Apart from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by means of prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel didn’t become a trend. The main reason is that the Royals had been by no means interested in the reading. However, after the decline of Mughals and within the period of the British, a very clever man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the person was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel turned a huge success. Even at the moment the novel is widespread and in demand. In actual fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed may be called the primary and the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu by way of journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nevertheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. In reality, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. In order that they started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with focus on the present affairs and political satires.
These magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the many Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed lots to the mental awakening of the folks of the subcontinent.
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